Museum of American PoeticsExhibits

20th Century International Bards

These exhibits focus on major international poets who, with their words, told the social, political and aesthetic story of occupation, resistance and change in the 20th Century. Global lineages continue to have profound impacts on shaping the diverse strands of 21st Century experimental poetries.

 

    Avetik Isahakyan
Avetik Isahakyan
(Armenia)
Ilse Aichinger (Austria)
Ilse Aichinger
(Austria)
   
  Ingeborg Bachmann (Austria)
Ingeborg Bachmann
(Austria)
 
George Trakl
George Trakl
(Austria)
   
  Utpal Kumar Basu  (Bengal)
Utpal Kumar Basu
(Bengal)
 
    Malay Roy Choudhury (Bengal)
Malay Roy Choudhury
(Bengal)
Rabindranath Tagore (Bengal)
Rabindranath Tagore
(Bengal)
     
    Vinicius de Moraes
Vinicius de Moraes
(Brazil)
 
Bernard Kops (Britain)
Bernard Kops
(Britain)
       
  Nicanor Parra (Chile)
Nicanor Parra
(Chile)
   
      Pablo Neruda (Chile)
Pablo Neruda
(Chile)
Gonzalo Rojas
Gonzalo Rojas
(Chile)
 
      Hu Shih (China)
Hu Shih
(China)
Guo Mo-ruo (China)
Guo Mo-ruo
(China)
     
    Wen Yiduo (China)
Wen Yiduo
(China)
 
        Shen Ts'ung-wen (China)
Shen Ts'ung-wen
(China)
Dai Wang-shu (China)
Dai Wang-shu
(China)
     
     
        Ai Qing (China)
Ai Qing
(China)
  Bian Zhi-lin (China)
Bian Zhi-lin
(China)
   
      Zhao Luo-rui (China)
Zhao Luo-rui
(China)
Mu Dan (China)
Mu Dan
(China)
     
    Zheng Min (China)
Zheng Min
(China)
 
        Gu Cheng (China)
Gu Cheng
(China)
  Hai Zi (China)
Hai Zi
(China)
   
    Wen Chu-an
Wen Chu-an
(China)
 
       
       
       
  Geronimo (20th C Chiricahua Apache)
Geronimo
(Chiricahua Apache)
   
    Salah 'Abd al-Sabur
Salah 'Abd al-Sabur
(Egypt)
 
Guillaume Apollinaire (France)
Guillaume Apollinaire
(France)
     
  Antonin Artaud (France)
Antonin Artaud
(France)
 
        Georges Brassens (France)
Georges Brassens
(France)
  Andre Breton (France)
Andre Breton
(France)
   
    Jean Cocteau (France)
Jean Cocteau
(France)
 
Robert Desnos (France)
Robert Desnos
(France)
   
Jacques Prevert (France)
Jacques Prevert
(France)
   
      Hilde Domin (Germany)
Hilde Domin
(Germany)
  Gertrude Kolmar (Germany)
Gertrude Kolmar
(Germany)
 
  Rainer Marie Rilke (Germany)
Rainer Marie Rilke
(Germany)
Nelly Sachs
Nelly Sachs
(Germany)
   
  Constantine Cavafy (Greece)
Constantine Cavafy
(Greece)
  Yiannis Ritsos
Yiannis Ritsos
(Greece)
Giorgos Seferis (Greece)
Giorgos Seferis
(Greece)
   
    Odysseus Elytis (Greece)
Odysseus Elytis
(Greece)
 
Nikos Kazantsakis (Greece)
Nikos Kazantsakis
(Greece)
   
  Angelos Sikelianos (Greece)
Angelos Sikelianos
(Greece)
    Kamala Surayya (India)
Kamala Surayya
(India)
Badr Shakir al-Sayyab
Badr Shakir al-Sayyab
(Iraq)
   
    Nazik al-Mala'ika
Nazik al-Mala'ika
(Iraq)
'Abdal-Wahhab al-Bayyati
Abdal-Wahhab al-Bayyati
(Iraq)
     
  Sargon Boulus
Sargon Boulus
(Iraq)
 
    Yehuda Amichai (Israel)
Yehuda Amichai
(Israel)
  Dino Campana (Italy)
Dino Campana
(Italy)
   
      Primo Levi (Italy)
Primo Levi
(Italy)
Pier Paolo Pasolini (Italy)
Pier Paolo Pasolini
(Italy)
   
  Tamura Ryuichi (Japan)
Tamura Ryuichi
(Japan)
 
      Ko Un
Ko Un
(Korea)
  Octavio Paz
Octavio Paz
(Mexico)
 
    Ernesto Cardinal (Nicaragua)
Ernesto Cardinal
(Nicaragua)
Leonel Rugama
Leonel Rugama
(Nicaragua)
     
       
      Black Elk (20th C Oglala Souix)
Black Elk
(Oglala Souix)
Faiz Ahmed Faiz
Faiz Ahmed Faiz
(Pakistan)
     
    Allama Iqbal Muhummad Iqbal (Pakistan)
Muhummad Iqbal
(Pakistan)
 
      Samih al-Qasim
Samih al-Qasim
(Palestine)
  Mahmoud Darwish (Palestine)
Mahmoud Darwish
(Palestine)
   
    Ibrahim Tukan
Ibrahim Tukan
(Palestine)
Fadwa Tuqan (Palestinian)
Fadwa Tuqan
(Palestine)
       
  Wislawa Szymborska (Poland)
Wislawa Szymborska
(Poland)
   
      Fernando Pessoa (Portugal)
Fernando Pessoa
(Portugal)
  Dennis Brutus
Dennis Brutus
(Rhodesia)
   
    Tristan Tzara (Romania/France)
Tristan Tzara
(Romania/France)
Nina Cassian (Romania)
Nina Cassian
(Romania)
   
  Anna Akhmatova (Russia)
Anna Akhmatova
(Russia)
   
      Natalya Gorbanevskaya (Russia)
Natalya Gorbanevskaya
(Russia)
  Vladimir Mayakovsky (Russia)
Vladimir Mayakovsky
(Russia)
   
    Marina Tsvetaeva (Russia)
Marina Tsvetaeva
(Russia)
 
Yevgeny Yevtushenko (Russia)
Yevgeny Yevtushenko
(Russia)
     
    Breyten Breytenbach (South Africa)
Breyten Breytenbach
(South Africa)
 
Don Mattera (South Africa)
Don Mattera
(South Africa)
     
  Rafael Alberti
Rafael Alberti
(Spain)
   
      Federico Garcia Lorca
Federico Garcia Lorca
(Spain)
  Jose Marti
Jose Marti
(Spain/Cuba)
   
  Adonis (Ali Ahmad Sa’id) (Syria/Lebanon)
Adunis (Ali Ahmad Sa’id)
(Syria/Lebanon)
   
      Nizar Qabbani (Syria)
Nizar Qabbani
(Syria)
  Lhasang Tsering
Lhasang Tsering
(Tibet)
   
    Tenzin Tsundue
Tenzin Tsundue
(Tibet)
 
Nazim Hikmet (Turkey)
Nazim Hikmet
(Turkey)
   
  Andres Eloy Blanco
Andres Eloy Blanco
(Venezuela)
 
   
  Dambudzo Marechera (Zimbabwe)
Dambudzo Marechera
(Zimbabwe)